• Traffic Offences and Penalties in Kerala

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    Rules for driving in India have been set down under the Rules of the Road Regulations, 1989. These rules and regulations are applicable for vehicles such as two-wheelers, three-wheelers, four-wheelers, as well as for buses and trucks.  

    The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, sets down the traffic offences, fines, and penalties for not following the rules. It is important to know the rules as well as offences and penalties. These may differ from state to state. 

    The traffic offences and penalties for the state of Kerala are as given below: 

     
    Type of Offence  Section & Rules  Penal Section  Fine Amount  (Rs.)  Remarks 
    General provision for the punishment of offences  177  100 
    Penalty for traveling without a ticket or pass and for conductor’s dereliction of duty  178 (1)  500 
    178 (2)  500 
    Disobeying orders given, obstruction, refusal to give information  179 (1)  179 (2)  500  500 
    Allowing driving of vehicles by unauthorised individuals  180  1000 
    Driving vehicles in contravention of Section 3 or Section 4  181  500 
    License related offences  182 (1)  500  For NTV 
    500  For NTV 
    Disqualified person holding a conductor’s licence or acting as a conductor  182 (2)  100 
    Driving at excessive speed  183 (1)  400  For NTV 
    400  For NTV 
    Allowing any individual to drive the vehicle at excessive speed  183 (2)  300  For NTV 
    300  For NTV 
    Driving dangerously  184  1000 
    Driving when physically or mentally unfit to drive  186  200 
    Racing and speed trials  189  500 
    Violation of the controls of road safety control of noise and pollution   190 (2)  1000 
    Sale of vehicle in or altering the vehicle to a condition contravercing in this act  191  500 
    Using vehicle without proper registration  192 (1)  2000  For NTV 
    For TV 
    2000  For 2 and 3 wheelers 
    3000  For LMV 
    4000  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    Driving a vehicle that exceeds the permissible weight  194  2000  An additional Rs.1000 for every tonne of excess load 
    Driving a vehicle that is uninsured  196  1000  For NTV 
    1000  For TV 
    Unauthorised interference with vehicle  198  100 
    Driver Penalties 
    Driving vehicle without valid license  S3(1)  S181  500 
    Driving a transport vehicle without authorisation  S3(1)  S181  500 
    Disqualified individual driving/applying and obtaining a Driving Licence (licence-related offence)  S182  S182(1)  500  For NTV 
    500  For TV 
    Driving a vehicle without a valid RC  S39  S192(1)  2000  For NTV 
    For TV 
    2000  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
    3000  For LMV 
    4000  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    Driving a vehicle without a valid CF  S56  S192(1)  3000  For LMV 
    4000  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    Driving a vehicle that does not have third-party insurance  S146  S196  1000  For NTV 
    1000  For TV 
    Violating the road safety standards by using the vehicle in unsafe conditions  190(2)  1000 
    Driving a vehicle when physically or mentally unfit for driving  186  200 
    Driver driving the vehicle exceeding the speed limit  S112  S183(1)  400  For NTV 
    400  For TV 
    Reckless or dangerous driving of vehicle  S184  S184  1000 
    Trials and racing of speed between motor vehicles  189  500 
    Penalty for traveling without ticket or pass  178(1)  500 
    Refusing to ply contract carriage  (b) 178(3)  178(3)  50  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
    200  Other vehicles 
    Causing inconvenience to others by leaving vehicle in a dangerous position  S 122  S 177  100 
    Disobeying directions of authority or traffic signals  S 179(1)  S 179(1)  500 
    Obstructing authority from discharging their functions or disobedience to lawful direction  S 179(1)  S 179(1)  500 
    Failure to stop the vehicle when demanded  S 132(1)  179  500 
    Failure to produce Driving Licence on demand  S 130(1)  S 177  100 
    Failure to produce CF/RC on demand  S 130(3)  S 177  100 
    Failure to produce the certificate of insurance  S 158(1)  S 177  100 
    Failure to produce the permit on demand  S 158(d)  S 177  100 
    Withholding information or giving false information  S 179(2)  S 179(2)  500 
    Carrying more than one person on a two-wheeler motorcycle  S 128  S 177  100 
    Carrying a person on the running board  S 123  S 177  100 
    Obstruction of the driver  S 125  S 177  100 
    Failure to produce the Driving Badge on demand  SR46(1) (a) 
    Exhibiting advertisements on a transport vehicle without sanction from the transport authority  SR 191  177  100    
    Failure to wear the prescribed uniform  SR 41  S 177  100    
    Failure to produce the 'D Badge' on demand  SR 42  S 177  100    
    Smoking, chewing, or being under the influence of any kind of intoxicating drug or drink  SR 46(2) (J)  S 177  100    
    Replenishing the fuel tank with passengers in the vehicle  SR 46(2) (O)  S 177  100    
    Overloading the vehicle with passengers, goods, or luggage  SR 199  192  500  For NTV 
          For TV 
    500  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
    1000  For LMV 
    2000  For MMV 
    3000  For HMV 
    Not having a spare driver in a national permit goods carriage  CR 90 (4)  S 177  100    
    Overloading with passengers or luggage violating the permit conditions  S 66  S 192  500  For NTV 
          For TV 
    500  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
    1000  For LMV 
    2000  For MMV 
    3000  For HMV 
    Driver not observing or delaying the time schedule  SR 46 (2) (M)  S 177  100    
    Driver violating the rules of taxi stand (motor car stand rules- driver)  SR 203  S 177  100    
    Failure to maintain trip sheet (for stage carriages)  SR 224  S 177  100    
    Prohibition of using multi-toned horn or with other sound-producing device giving a harsh and loud noise that is alarming, which affects the control of standards of noise  CR 119(2)  S 177  300    
    Failure to set the taximeter in motion when plying for hire  SR 29  S 177  100    
    Failure to fit taximeter\get it sealed or running with a defective meter  Sr 296 (b)(c)  S 177  100    
    Goods vehicle driving with an excess load  S 113 (3)  S 194  2000  An additional Rs.1000 for every tonne of excess load 
    Carrying more than 6 people in addition to the driver in a goods carriage  SR 46 (3) (a)  S 177  100    
    Carrying more people in the cabin beyond the number that is permitted  SR 46 (3) (a)  S 177  100    
    Allowing people in the cabin beyond the number permitted  SR 46 (3) (b)  S 177  100    
    Carrying animals without providing sufficient and safe room  SR 197  S 177  100    
    Vehicle loaded in a dangerous manner or with load beyond the limits of projection  CR 93 (8)  S 177  100    
    Failure to produce GCR/ not maintained  SR 162  S 177  100    
    Failure to produce the bill of loading  SR 90(3)  S 177  100    
    Not behaving in a civil and orderly manner to passengers and intending passengers  SR 46 (2) (b)  S 177  100    
    Registration mark not being in the prescribed size  CR 51  S 177  100    
    a) Not exhibiting the registration mark of the vehicle other than in the prescribed manner  b) Not exhibiting the registration mark on the side of the vehicle  c) Not exhibiting the registration mark inside the vehicle  CR 50 CR 50 (b)CR 50 (c)  S 177  100    
    Carrying goods in a public service vehicle which is likely to spoil the interior of the vehicle or render it unhygienic  154 (1)  S 177  100    
    Not deflecting the headlamp  CR 106 (1)  S 177  100    
    Exhibiting the destination board S/C other than in the prescribed manner  SR 209  S 177  100    
    Destination board is not illuminated  SR 210  S 177  100    
    Failure to run a stage carriage according to the time schedule  SR 213  S 177  100    
    Sale of the vehicle in or alteration as vehicle contravening of the chapter VII  191  191  500    
    Allowing the use of vehicle without valid registration  S 39  S192(1)  2000  For NTV 
          For TV 
    200  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
    3000  For LMV 
    4000  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    Allowing an unauthorized person to drive the vehicle  S180  S180  1000    
    Allowing use of the transport vehicle without valid C F  S 56  S192(1)  2000  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
       3000  For LMV 
    4000  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    S 39  S192(1)  2000  For 2 and 3-wheelers 
    3000  For LMV 
    4000  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    Allowing use of transport vehicle without a valid third-party insurance  S 146  S 196  1000    
    Allowing an unauthorised person to drive the vehicle (without license or badge and before attaining the legal age of driving)  S 52  S 180  1000    
    Allowing an unlicensed and/or unauthorised person to act as a conductor of a stage carriage  S 29  S 177  100    
    Allowing the use of a vehicle that violates the standards of road safety, noise, and air pollution  S 190  S 190 (2)  1000    
    Alteration of vehicle without prior sanction  S 52  190  1000    
    Allowing to leave the vehicle in a dangerous position that causes inconvenience to others (only at the time that the owner is in charge)  S 122  S 177  100    
    Failure to fit the taxi meter, get it sealed, or running with a defective meter  SR 296 (b)(c)  S 177  100    
    Making a person under his employment or control to drive a vehicle at an excessive speed  S 112 (1)  S 183(2)  300    
    Failure to produced R C (if the owner is present at the time)  S 130 (3)  177  100    
    Particulars not painted on the left side of the transport vehicle  SR 93  S 177  100    
    Failure to maintain trip register in a stage carriage  SR 226  S 177  100    
    Willfully disobeying a competent authority’s lawful direction or obstruction of authority from discharging lawful duty  S 179 (1)  S 179 (1)  500    
    General 
    Wiper not fitted  CR 101  S 177  100    
    Glass not fitted on the windscreen  CR 100  S 177  100    
    Side mirror is not fitted  SR 251  S 177  100    
    No spare wheel  SR 262  S 177  100    
    No indicators or brake light  CR 102  S 177  100    
    Not exhibiting side particulars  SR 93  S 177  100    
    Not exhibiting of fare table in the contract carriage  SR 156  S 177  100    
    Driver of motor cab not proceeding by the shortest route  SR 202  S 177  100    
    Registration mark not in a clear and legible condition (transport)  CR 50  S 177  100    
    Headlight not in working condition  CR 105  S 177  100    
    Horn not working or not fitted  CR 119  S 177  100    
    Reflector not fitted  CR 104  S 177  100    
    Painted in navy blue or olive green color  CR 121 (1) SR 259  S 177  100    
    Silencer not fitted  CR 120  S 177  100    
    Internal lightning not provided  SR 286  S 177  100    
    Provision of audio-visual tape recorder system or radio in a stage carriage that affects and violates road safety and control of noise  SR 289  190(2)  1000    
    Registration mark and other marks not kept in a clean condition  SR 363  S 177  100    
    Not having light on the registration mark  SR 362  S 177  100    
    Parking lamp not in working condition  SR 360(2)  S 177  100    
    Top lights not fitted on the goods vehicle  CR 107  S 177  100    
    Speedometer not fitted or not working  CR 117  S 177  100    
    Not providing safety devices in a motor cycle  CR123CR 255  S 177S 177  100    
    Registration of the vehicle is expired  CR 52(3)  S192(1)  2000  For NTV 
          For TV 
    2000  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
    3000  For LMV 
    4000  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    Temporary registration expired  S 43  S192(1)  2000  For NTV 
          For TV 
    2000  For 2- and 3-wheelers 
    3000  For LMV 
    400  For MMV 
    5000  For HMV 
    Violation of pollution standards  S 190(2)  190 (2)  1000    
    Unauthorized interference with the vehicle that hampers with the brake or any other part of the mechanism  S 198  198  100 

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