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  • Driving License in Bihar

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    It is mandatory for all individuals to get a driving licence before operating a motor vehicle in public places, as per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. In Bihar, Regional Transport Offices, also known as RTOs, issue driving licences to applicants. Thus, you can apply for a driving licence by visiting an RTO in your jurisdiction. Read on for more information about the procedure that you need to follow to get a driving licence in Bihar.

    Importance of Driving Licence in Bihar

    • For Identification as a Licenced Driver: A driving licence authorises you to operate motor vehicles in public places and identifies you as a licenced driver/rider.
    • Serves as ID Proof: You can submit your valid driving licence as proof of identification when required.
    • Legal Requirement: Having a driving licence is a legal requirement in India. You can’t ride/drive a motor vehicle without having a driving licence. If caught operating a vehicle without a valid licence, you could be fined, imprisoned, or both.
    • Allows You to Apply for an International Driving Permit: To apply for an international driving permit, you will need to first have an Indian driving licence. Once you obtain an Indian driving licence, you can apply for an international driving permit, which will have a validity of one year.
    • Valid Across the Country: Once the driving licence is issued, it is valid throughout the country. Thus, if you happen to relocate to a different city or state, you can continue using the same driving licence that was issued to you, until its expiry.

    Eligibility for Driving Licence in Bihar

    The applicant will have to be at least 16 years of age to apply for a learner’s licence to ride a gearless motor vehicle that has an engine capacity of 50cc or lesser. In order to be eligible to apply for a permanent driving licence in Bihar, the applicant will need to be a minimum of 18 years of age. However, to obtain a driving licence to drive a commercial vehicle, the individual will have to be at least 20 years of age.

    How to Apply for a Driving Licence in Bihar

    To obtain a driving licence in Bihar, you will need to do as follows:

    • Apply for a Learner’s Licence: To get a driving licence, it is essential for you to have a learner’s licence. You can apply for a learner’s licence starting from the age of 16 with the consent of your parents/guardian, based on the type of vehicle you choose to operate. The learner’s licence is valid for a period of 6 months, and the learner’s licence holder will have to apply for a permanent driving licence during this period.

    To obtain a learner’s licence, you will need to make an application with the prescribed forms to the Regional Transport Office in your jurisdiction along with certain supporting documents. Once your application form and documents have been verified, you will need to clear the learner’s licence test. The test usually tests the applicant on knowledge of road rules, regulations, and signs. If you pass the test, a learner’s licence will be issued to you by the RTO. However, if you fail the test, you can retake the test.

    Documents Required to Apply for a Learner’s Licence

    • Learner’s licence application form
    • Recent passport-size photographs
    • Age proof
    • Address proof
    • Declaration of medical fitness
    • Applicable fee
    • Apply for a Permanent Driving Licence: A month after you obtain your learner’s licence, you will be eligible to apply for a permanent driving licence. However, you should apply for it before the expiry of your learner’s licence.

    To obtain a permanent driving licence, you will need to submit the application form along with the required documents to the RTO. The application form can be downloaded online or can be obtained at the local RTO. Once you submit your forms and pay the applicable fee, you can book a slot for your riding/driving test. On the scheduled date, you will need to arrive at the RTO in time for your test with a vehicle. If you clear the road test, a permanent driving licence will be issued to you.

    Documents Required to Apply for a Permanent Driving Licence

    • Application form (Form 4)
    • Learner’s licence
    • 3 Passport-size photographs
    • Form 5 (Application form to obtain a commercial licence)
    • If you are applying for a driving licence for a commercial vehicle, you will need to submit a certificate issued from a driving school
    • Address proof
    • Age proof

    Once the permanent driving licence is issued to you, you can carry it with you while riding/driving your vehicle.

    FAQs

    1. What is the difference between a commercial driving licence and a regular driving licence?

    2. A commercial driving licence is required if you wish to drive heavy motor vehicles that helps in the transportation of passengers or goods. On the other hand, a regular driving licence authorises you to ride/drive a private vehicle within the country. To apply for a private vehicle driving licence, the applicant will have to be either 16 years or 18 years, based on the type of vehicle he/she wishes to drive. On the other hand, most states in India require the applicant to be at least 20 years when applying for a permanent driving licence.

    3. Can I ride vehicles in foreign countries if I have an Indian driving licence?

    4. Most countries will require you to have an international driving permit if you wish to drive/ride a motor vehicle when abroad. You can apply for an international driving licence through your RTO. The international driving licence, however, is issued in conjunction with the permanent driving licence.

    5. Will I be asked to ride/drive when applying for a learner’s licence?

    6. No, the learner’s licence test simply tests your knowledge of road signs and traffic rules and regulations. You will not be asked to undertake a road test when applying for a learner’s licence. However, you will need to clear the road test when applying for a permanent driving licence.

    7. What will happen if I forget to renew my driving licence?

    8. Your permanent driving licence is valid for 20 years or until you attain the age of 50 years. You will be given a grace period of one month to renew your driving licence after its expiry. Since driving without a licence is considered an offence in India, you should ensure to get it renewed within this period. That being said, driving licences can be renewed within 5 years from the date of its expiry. If the driving licence has been expired for over 5 years, you will need to apply for a new driving licence.

    9. Can I retake the driving test if I fail to clear it?

    10. Yes, you can retake the driving test after a period of 7 days.

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