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  • Two wheeler Driving Licence

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    The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 requires all individuals who operate motor vehicles to carry a valid driving licence with them while riding or driving the vehicle. The driving licence is an official document that is issued to an individual by a Regional Transport Office or RTO certifying that the concerned individual is qualified to ride or drive anywhere in the country.

    Brief on Indian Driving Licence

    A driving licence authorises an individual to ride or drive motorised vehicles such as bike, scooters, cars, etc. in public places. To obtain a driving licence, one will first have to apply for a learner’s licence (LL). Once you have obtained the learner’s licence, you will need to appear for a test at the RTO. Upon successfully clearing this test, you will be given the permanent driving licence.

    Thus, individuals operating motor vehicles are legally required to carry their driving licence with them while riding or driving a vehicle. One might be asked to produce the driving licence at any time by a police officer or any other individual authorised by the government. You will have to remember that not carrying your driving licence with you is a punishable offence in India.

    Types of Driving Licences in India

    The various types of driving licences that are issued by RTOs in India are as follows:

    • Learner’s Driving License: The learner’s driving license is a temporary licence that is issued for a maximum period of 6 months.
    • Permanent Driving License: Individuals who have received a learner’s licence can apply for the permanent driving licence after a period of one month.
    • Duplicate Driving Licence: A duplicate driving licence is issued in case an individual’s driving licence gets lost, stolen, or destroyed.
    • International Driving Licence: An international driving licence permits an individual with a permanent driving licence to drive/ride/rent vehicles in foreign countries. The international driving licence is valid for a one-year period.
    • Light Motor Vehicles Licence: The light motor vehicles licence is issued by RTOs to permit an individual to drive light vehicles such as taxis, auto rickshaws, etc.
    • Heavy Motor Vehicles Licence: The heavy motor vehicles licence is issued by RTOs to permit an individual to drive heavy vehicles such as buses, trucks, cranes, etc.

    Classes of Vehicles in India

    The various classes of vehicles in India are as follows:

    • MC 50cc: Motor vehicles that have an engine capacity of 50cc or lesser than 50cc fall under this category.
    • LMV-NT: Motor vehicles like cars and jeeps fall under the Light Motor Vehicle – Non-Transport Class.
    • FVG: Motor vehicles without gears such as mopeds and scooters fall under this category.
    • MC EX50CC: Motor vehicles that have an engine capacity over 50cc fall under this category. Light motor vehicles and motorcycles are also included in this category.
    • M/CYCL.WG or MCWG: All types of motorcycles fall under this category.
    • HPMV: Heavy passenger motor vehicles that have an All India Permit to transport passengers on a commercial basis fall under this category.
    • HGMV: All heavy goods motor vehicles such as large trucks, trailers, etc., that carry or transport goods fall under this category.

    Eligibility for Two Wheeler Driving Licence in India

    The eligibility criteria to obtain a driving licence in India vary based on the type of driving licence and the class of the vehicle. In general, all individuals applying for a driving licence should be aware of the various traffic regulations and rules and should also possess a valid address proof and age proof.

    Type of Driving Licence Eligibility Criteria
    Gearless motorcycles with an engine capacity of 50cc or lesser The applicant will have to be 16 years of age. Further, the individual should have the consent of their parents or legal guardian and will have to furnish a declaration for the same
    Motorcycles with gear and light motor vehicles Applicant should be a minimum of 18 years
    Heavy motor vehicles The applicant should be over the age of 18 years/20 years (as applicable in one’s state of residence)

    Document Required to Obtain a Two Wheeler Driving Licence

    To obtain a permanent driving licence, you will be required to submit the following documents:

    • Valid learner’s licence in original
    • Application in Form 4
      • Proof of age (attested)
      • Birth certificate
      • Passport
      • PAN card
      • School transfer certificate
    • Proof of address (attested)
      • Rental agreement
      • Voter ID
      • Utility bills
      • Ration card
      • Aadhaar card
      • Passport
    • One recent passport size photograph of the applicant
    • Form 5, in case of commercial vehicles
    • Applicable fee
    • Medical certificate in Form 1 which is issued by a certified doctor, if applicable

    *Note: Any other documents that are required by the RTO in your state will have to be submitted.

    How to Apply for a Two Wheeler Driving Licence Online?

    Individuals who wish to obtain a driving lic ence can apply for the same online instead of visiting an RTO. This can save one a considerable amount of time, in addition to being more cost-effective. The steps that you will need to follow to submit the application online are as follows:

    • Visit the official website of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways - Sarathi.
    • From the various options that you will see on the left side, you will need to click on ‘Apply Online’.
    • Next, you will have to click on the type of licence that you wish to apply for, i.e. learner’s licence, driving licence, etc.
    • You will then have to fill up the online application form with the required details.
    • After keying in the necessary details, you will need to upload the required documents.
    • You will also have to upload your photograph and your signature, if it is required.
    • Next, you will need to pick your DL test slot (Note: This is applicable only in certain states).
    • Lastly, you will have to pay the due fee.

    How to Apply for a Two Wheeler Driving licence in RTO or Offline in India?

    Individuals who wish to apply for a driving licence can apply for the same at an RTO. The steps to do so are as follows:

    • Firstly, you will need to schedule an appointment for the test of competence (riding/driving test) either online or by visiting an RTO office.
    • Next, you will need to submit the application in Form 4 along with your learner’s licence and other required documents. Individuals who have held a valid learner’s licence for a minimum period of 30 days can appear for the test.
    • The individual appearing for the test will also have to bring a vehicle along with them.
    • The applicant will need to satisfy the authority who is conducting the test of his/her ability to ride/drive the vehicle and complete the necessary tasks.
    • An applicant who clears the test of competence will be issued the driving licence. The same will be sent to the applicant to the furnished address via speed post.
    • The applicable fee will have to be paid by the applicant.

    Format of the India Two Wheeler Driving Licence

    All driving licences issued in India have a specific format. The various components that make up one’s driving licence number are as follows:

    • The first two letters indicate the state in which the vehicle has been registered
    • The next two numerals indicate the city code or the branch code of the motor vehicle authority
    • The next four digits indicate the year in which the licence was issued
    • The last few digits form an identification number which is unique to each applicant

    Test Procedure to Obtain a Two Wheeler Driving Licence in India

    In order to get a driving licence, you will first have to get a learner’s licence. To get the learner’s licence, you will need to answer a few multiple choice questions. You can apply for a driving licence 30 days after receiving the learner’s licence. To obtain a driving licence, you will have to do as follows:

    • First, you will need to book an appointment with an RTO to take the test. You can do this through online or offline channels. To book an appointment online, you will need to download the CMY 4 application form and the book a slot. You can also choose to directly go to the Regional Transport Office with the necessary documents and photographs to book an appointment for the test.
    • Once you are at the RTO, you will need to submit certain documents such as the learner’s licence, duly-filled application form, passport sized photographs of yourself, and certain documents pertaining to the vehicle that you have brought for the test such as its Pollution under Control (PUC) certificate, fitness certificate (if applicable), insurance certificate, registration certificate, and tax card.
    • To take the test, you will need to visit the RTO and pay the required fee for the test. You will also have to submit the application form with the above-mentioned documents.
    • While the exact driving licence test procedure varies from state to state, it is likely that you will be asked to drive forward and backward on an 8-shaped track without placing your feet on the ground, drive on an upward slope, and parallel park.
    • If the testing authority deems your performance to be satisfactory, the Assistant RTO will confirm the issuance of the driving licence. Your photograph for the driving licence will be captured on the same day of the test. You will receive your driving licence once all the necessary formalities have been completed.
    • If you happen to fail the test, you can retake the test after a period of 7 days. However, to retake the test, you will need to submit the due fee again.

    How Long Does it Take to Get the Two wheeler Driving Licence after passing the test?

    You can apply for your driving licence 30 days after your learner’s licence has been issued. You will receive your driving licence after you have cleared the test at the RTO. The timelines for issuing the driving licence, however, may vary from state to state.

    What to do if You Lose Your Driving Licence

    If you have lost your driving licence, you should apply for a duplicate driving licence at the earliest. You should, ideally, not ride your vehicle without a valid driving licence since it is a punishable offence. If you have lost your driving licence, you will need to do as follows:

    • Firstly, if you have lost your driving licence, you will need to inform the police of the same. Make sure to visit a police station in the area where you lost the licence. You will have to register a First Information Report or FIR and obtain a copy of the same to apply for a new driving licence.
    • You will also need to obtain an affidavit on a stamp paper by visiting the notary office.
    • Next, you will need to apply for a duplicate driving licence. To do so, you will need to fill an application form for the same. Certain states in India offer residents the option to apply for a duplicate driving licence online. You can also choose to visit an RTO if you want to apply for it offline.
    • When applying for a duplicate driving licence, you will need to submit a copy of the FIR, the affidavit, and the application form, after which the RTO will issue a duplicate driving licence. Individuals who are applying for a duplicate driving licence will not have to undergo the test of competence again.
    • Your new driving licence will be sent to the address specified in your application form by the RTO.

    Make sure to not ride or drive your vehicle until you have received the duplicate driving licence from the RTO. Once you have received your duplicate driving licence, it is advisable to laminate the card to keep it from deteriorating with time. It is also recommended to make an online copy of your driving licence to create a backup.

    How Does the International Driving Licence Work?

    Any resident of India with a valid Indian licence can apply for an international driving licence. Individuals who wish to apply for an international driving licence will have to make an application in Form IDP or submit a letter to the RTO specifying the names of the countries that he/she wishes to visit and the duration of stay at each of these countries. The applicant may also be required to submit copies of their passport, air ticket, and visa for verification. Further, the required fee will also have to be paid for the same.

    The international driving licence, once issued, will be valid for a period of one year or up to the expiry date of your driving licence, based on whichever of the two happens first.

    Why do you need a Driving licence in India?

    If you wish to ride a two-wheeler or drive a four-wheeler in India, you are required to have a driving licence. To apply for a driving licence, the applicant has to be at least 16 years of age for two-wheelers under 50cc and 18 years of age for all other types of motor vehicles. A few reasons why you should apply for a driving licence are as follows:

    Legal Requirement:

    As per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, it is mandatory for all individuals who ride/drive motor vehicles to have a driving licence. In India, it is a punishable offence to ride/drive your vehicle without a driving licence.

    ID Proof:

    While it is mandatory to have a driving licence if you wish to operate a two-wheeler, it is important to know that your driving licence can also serve as a proof of identity.

    Requirement to Apply for an International Driving Permit:

    If you would like to ride a two-wheeler or drive a car when you travel abroad, you should apply for an international driving permit before you leave India. However, to be eligible to apply for an international driving permit, you should have a valid Indian driving licence.

    Frequently asked questions on

    1.Should I carry my driving licence at all times?

    Yes, you should carry your driving licence with you when riding/driving your vehicle. You might be asked to produce your driving licence at any time by a police officer.

    2.How long is an Indian driving licence valid for?

    Your driving licence will be valid for a period of 20 years or until you attain the age of 50 years, based on whichever occurs first. Post this, you will need to renew the licence.

    3.I have an Indian driving licence. Can I use the same licence when I am out of the country?

    No, you can use your Indian driving licence only when riding or driving a motor vehicle in India. If you wish to drive while you are abroad, you will need to apply for an international driving permit. The validity of an international driving permit is one year and it is only issued to individuals who have an Indian driving licence.

    4.How old should an individual be when applying for a driving licence?

    To obtain a permanent driving licence, you will need to be at least 18 years of age. However, if you are applying for a driving licence to ride a two-wheeler with an engine capacity of 50cc or lesser, you will have to be at least 16 years.

    5.Will I have to bring my own vehicle for the driving test?

    Yes, you will need to bring your vehicle for the test. Further, you will also have to carry certain documents pertaining to the vehicle such as its insurance certificate, PUC certificate, vehicle registration certificate, etc., with you.

    6.What should I do if I lose my driving licence?

    If you lose your driving licence, you should immediately register an FIR and apply for a duplicate driving licence. Make sure to not ride/drive your vehicle before your driving licence is reissued by the RTO.

    7.Can I retake the driving test if I fail it?

    Yes, you can retake the test if you fail it after a period of 7 days.

    8.How long is a learner’s licence valid for?

    A learner’s licence is valid for a maximum period of 6 months. You will need to apply for a permanent driving licence within this period.

    9.Will I have to apply for a new driving licence if I am relocating to another state within India?

    No, a driving licence issued by an RTO in the country is valid in all Indian states until its date of expiry.

    10.Is it necessary to produce a medical certificate when applying for a driving licence?

    If you are under the age of 50 years and are applying for a driving licence for a non-transport vehicle, you are not required to submit a medical certificate. However, if the applicant is over the age of 50 years, he/she will be required to produce a medical certificate. Also, individuals who would like to drive transport vehicles are required to submit a driving licence.

    News About Driving Licence

    • Transport ministry recommends states to accept vehicle documents in electronic formats

      The Union Transport Ministry of India has asked state governments to facilitate accepting documents like registration certificate, driving license, etc., in electronic formats. There are many mobile apps like Digilocker and mParivahan that allow individuals to use this facility. The Ministry issued this notification in its Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for states.

      If the documents are provided in electronic formats, enforcement agencies can easily access the data online for verification. This method is recommended mainly to do away with the current format of handing over physical documents to law enforcement agencies for verification. This would also prevent individuals from getting harassed for the collection of documents even after paying challans.

      This allows law enforcement bodies to easily verify the details of vehicle owners during their verification activities. If this is adopted, various documents like registration certificate, driving license, insurance certificate, vehicle permit, pollution under control certificate, etc., can be stored in mobile apps and provided for verification.

      20 December 2018