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  • Two Wheeler Learner’s License

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    All individuals who wish to use motorised vehicles in public places have to mandatorily possess a driving licence as per the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. However, in order to obtain a driving licence, you are first required to have a learner’s licence.

    What is a Learner’s Licence?

    A learner’s licence is an official document that is given to an individual who is learning to drive/ride a motorised vehicle, subject to the concerned individual clearing the learner’s licence test. A learner’s licence is issued by a Regional Transport Office (RTO) that is located in one’s area of residence or business.

    The learner’s licence is valid for a period of 6 months, and the learner’s licence holder is expected to clear the road test during this period to receive a permanent driving licence.

    During the 6-month validity period of a learner’s licence, the learner’s licence holder is expected to learn how to drive/ride a motorised vehicle. While learning how to ride, the learner’s licence holder should be accompanied by an individual who holds a permanent driving licence. Further, the licence holder is required to affix ‘L’ plates on the front and rear end of the vehicle to notify other drivers and pedestrians on the road that he/she is learning how to ride the motor vehicle.

    Eligibility to Apply for a Two Wheeler Learner’s Licence

    To apply for a learner’s licence, you will need to meet the eligibility criteria listed below:

    • To apply for a learner’s licence to ride a gearless motorcycle that has an engine capacity under 50cc, the applicant will need to be at least 16 years of age. Further, the concerned individual will need to submit a letter of consent from their parents/legal guardians.
    • To apply for a learner’s licence to ride a motorcycle with an engine capacity over 50cc or drive other light motor vehicles, the applicant will need to be at least 18 years of age.
    • To apply for a learner’s licence to drive transport vehicles like taxis, buses, auto rickshaws, etc., the applicant will need to be at least 20 years of age. Further, the individual is required to have at least a year’s experience in driving light motor vehicles. The applicant will also need to meet the minimum educational qualification required to apply for a learner’s licence for transport vehicles. In addition, the individual applying for a transport vehicle learner’s licence is required to submit a medical certificate in Form 1 and Form 1A to the Regional Transport Office.

    Learner’s Licence Application Form

    An individual who is applying for a learner’s licence will have to submit an application form for the same to the RTO in one’s jurisdiction. In the application form, you will need to key in the following details:

    • Indicate the type of vehicle for which you wish to obtain a learner’s licence.
    • You will need to key in your particulars into the form, which include your full name, permanent address, temporary address (if applicable), duration of stay at the current address, date of birth, place of birth, educational qualification, identification marks (if any), blood group, etc.
    • You will have to specify details of any driving licence/learner’s licence that you previously held.
    • If you were disqualified when applying for a learner’s licence/driver’s licence or withheld from having a licence in the past, you are required to mention the reason for the same in the application form.
    • You will need to enclose three recent passport-size photographs of yourself with the application form and indicate if you have done so in the application form.
    • You will also have to enclose a medical fitness certificate (if applicable) and a letter of consent from your parents/guardians if you are under 18 years of age (if applicable) and specify if you have done the same in the application form.
    • If you have a driving certificate, you will need to enclose the same with the application form and specify the date of the medical certificate and the name of the doctor who issued the certificate.
    • You will need to mention the fee that you will be paying for the learner’s licence.
    • If you are exempt from taking the medical test or from undertaking the preliminary learner’s licence test, you will need to indicate the same on the application form.
    • You will need to enter the date and your signature.
    • If you are a minor and are applying for a learner’s licence, your parents/legal guardian will need to fill up the declaration under Sub-Section (2) of Section 7 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. This is a part of the learner’s licence application form.

    Fee for Learner’s Licence

    To receive your learner’s licence, you will need to submit the learner’s licence application form along with the required documents and the applicable fee. The fee that is to be paid is decided as per Rule 32 of the Central Motor Vehicles Rule, 1989. If you fail the learner’s licence test, you will need to appear for the test again. You will have to pay an additional fee for the re-test, as well.

    Documents Required to Obtain a Learner’s Licence

    You will need to submit the documents listed below when applying for a learner’s licence:

    • Application form (Form 2)
    • Address Proof: You can submit your passport, utility bills, LIC policy, pay slip issued by the Central/State Government, etc., as address proof.
    • Age Proof: You can submit your school certificate, birth certificate, certificate from a registered practitioner who is not under the rank of a civil surgeon, etc., as age proof.
    • Medical certificate in Form 1 or Form 1A, if applicable
    • Driving certificate, if applicable
    • Recent passport-size photographs

    How to Apply for a Learner’s Licence

    Process to Apply for a Learner’s Licence Online:

    Certain states allow individuals to apply for a learner’s licence online through the official website of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (Sarathi). To apply for a learner’s licence online, you will need to follow the steps mentioned below:

    • Once you are on the official website of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (Sarathi), you will need to click on ‘Apply Online’ on the left side of the webpage.
    • From the dropdown menu, you will have to click on ‘New Learner’s Licence’. You will then be redirected to another webpage, where you will need to key in certain details.
    • Post this, you will need to submit the required documents, your photograph, and signature (if applicable).
    • Next, you will need to book a slot for the learner’s licence test and pay the applicable fee.
    • Once you have completed the steps mentioned above, make sure to visit the RTO on the scheduled date for the test.
    • If you clear the test, you will receive the learner’s licence from the RTO on the very same day. You can retake the test the next day if you happen to fail the test.

    Process to Apply for a Two Wheeler Learner’s Licence at the RTO:

    If you are unable to apply for a learner’s licence online or wish to apply for it through offline channels, you will need to visit a Regional Transport Office (RTO) in your jurisdiction. The process to apply for a learner’s licence is as follows:

    • You will first have to obtain the learner’s licence application form from the RTO.
    • Next, you will need to fill the application form with the required information.
    • Post this, you will need to submit the application form along with the required documents to the RTO in your jurisdiction. You will also have to pay the applicable fee to the RTO, after which your documents will be verified by the Licencing Authority.
    • You will be able to take the learner’s licence test after the completion of the above-mentioned formalities.
    • If you clear the test, you will receive the learner’s licence on the very same day.
    • If you fail the test, you can retake the test the next day after paying the applicable fee.

    Two Wheeler Learner’s Licence Test Procedure

    • The learner’s licence test may be oral, computer-based, or written, as per the RTO rules.
    • The learner’s licence exam tests the applicant’s knowledge of traffic signals, traffic signs, and road rules and regulations as specified in Section 118 of the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.
    • In most cases, if the applicant answers at least 60% of the questions right, the concerned individual will be deemed to have passed the test.

    Why Do You Need a Learner’s Licence

    Listed below are a few reasons why you should consider applying for a learner’s licence:

    • Applying for a learner’s licence is the first step to getting a driving licence. Thus, if you would like to obtain a driving licence, you should first apply for a learner’s licence.
    • A learner’s licence authorises you to learn how to ride/drive a motorised vehicle in public places.
    • A learner’s licence is valid across the country. Therefore, you can apply for a learner’s licence and then continue to learn how to ride/drive a motor vehicle even if you happen to relocate.

    Make sure that you are well aware of the traffic regulations, road rules, and traffic signals before appearing for the learner’s licence test. Once you obtain the learner’s licence, you should ensure that you practice for the road test, which you will need to clear to receive your permanent driving licence.

    FAQs On Two Wheeler Learner’s Licence

    1.My learner’s licence expired recently. Can I apply for a driving licence now?

    No, if you learner’s licence has expired, you will need to reapply for a new learner’s licence. You cannot apply for a permanent driving licence with an expired learner’s licence.

    2.Will I be asked to ride a vehicle during my learner’s licence test?

    No, you will not have to drive/ride a motor vehicle when appearing for a learner’s licence test. The learner’s licence test simply tests your knowledge of traffic signs and road rules/regulations. You will be expected to learn how to ride a motorised vehicle during the 6-month validity period of your learner’s licence. Thus, you will only need to undertake a road test when appearing for the road test for your permanent driving licence.

    3.Can I apply for a driving licence as soon as I receive my learner’s licence?

    No, you will need to wait for at least a month after the issuance of your learner’s licence to apply for a permanent driving licence. However, you need to ensure that you do apply for your driving licence before the expiry of the learner’s licence.

    4.Do I need to submit a medical certificate when applying for a learner’s licence?

    You only need to submit a medical certificate to the RTO if you are applying for a license for a transport vehicle, unless otherwise stated.

    5.Can I apply for an international driving permit if I only have a learner’s licence?

    No, you will need to obtain a permanent driving licence if you wish to apply for an international driving permit.

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