• Overview of Traffic Offences and Penalties in India

    Two Wheeler Insurance
    • Get quotes from multiple insurers
    • Cashless garages available
    • Buy/renew your policy online without hassles

    The Government of India introduced the Indian Road Rules also known as the ‘Rules of the Road Regulation’ in July 1989. The idea behind the introduction of this rule was to make the Indian roads safer for not only the people who drive their vehicles but also the non-transport commuters as well. The rules over a period of time have become strict and any person who has violated these rules are penalised and fined as per the level of offence committed. It is important that as a citizen of India, you be aware of the penalties and punishment that you will have to serve in case of any violation of the rules.

    1. Offence related to documents
    Serial Number Offences Section Maximum penalty imposed
    1.1 Found driving without a valid driving licence 3 r/w 181 MVA Rs.500 and/or imprisonment of 3 months
    1.2 Allowing your vehicle to be driven by a person without a valid driving licence 5 r/w 180 MVA Rs.1,000 and/or imprisonment of 3 months
    1.3 Found not carrying valid documents 130(3) r/w 177 MVA Rs.100
    1.4 Found driving without a valid insurance document 130 r/w 177 MVA Rs.1,000 and/or imprisonment of 3 months
    1.5 Found driving without valid permit 130 r/w 177 MVA A fine of Rs.5,000. The fine should not be less than Rs.2,000
    1,6 Found driving without a valid fitness certificate 130 r/w 177 MVA A fine of Rs.5,000. The fine should not be less than Rs.2,000
    1.7 If you do not possess a valid vehicle R.C. 39 r/w 192 MVA Rs.2,000
    2. Offences related to driving
    Serial Number Offences Section aximum penalty imposed
    2.1.1 If the vehicle is being driven by a minor 4 r/w 181 MVA Rs.500
    2.1.2 If an unauthorised person is found driving the vehicle 5 r/w 180 MVA Rs.1,000
    2.1.3 Driving without a helmet 129 r/w 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.4 If seat belts are not fastened 138(3) CMVR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.5 Rough/negligent/ rash driving 184 MVA Rs.1000
    2.1.6 Hasty or dangerous driving 112-183 MVA Rs.1,000 and/or imprisonment of 6 months
    2.1.7 Found not driving in a proper lane 66 r/w 192 MVA Court Challan
    2.1.8 If you are found driving in the center and not on the left side 2 RRR r/w 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.9 Driving against one way 17 (i) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.10 Reversing your vehicle without taking any due care or attention MMVR 233 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.11 Taking ‘U’ turns during outlawed hours 12 RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.12 Failure to take precautions while taking a turn 3 RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.13 Failure to decelerate at intersection 8 RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.14 Failure to carry on left side of the traffic island 2 RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.15 Carrying people on footboard 123-177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.16 Carrying people causing hindrance to the driver 125-177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.17 Trippling 128/177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.18 Driving on the footpath RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.1.19 Stopping your vehicle at a pedestrian crossing or crossing a stop line RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.2 Offences related to road marking
    2.2.1 Yellow line violation 119/177 MVA Rs.100
    2.2.2 Stop line violation 113(1)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    2.2.3 Violation of mandatory signs 119/177 MVA Rs.100
    2.3 Offences related to number plate
    2.3.1 If you are found using an offensive plate for the vehicle driven by you CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.3.2 If you are found displaying ‘Applied For’ 39/192 MVA Rs.4,500
    2.4 Offences related to vehicle light
    2.4.1 Improper use of tail or headlight on the vehicle you use for driving CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.4.2 Using high beam lights where not required 112(G) A DMVR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.5 Offences related to horn
    2.5.1 Driving without a horn 119(1)/177 CMVR Rs.100
    2.5.2 Improper usage of horn while driving CMVR 105 (2) (ii) 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.6 Offences related to traffic police
    2.6.1 If you are found disobeying traffic policeman in uniform 119 MVA 22(a) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.6.2 If you are found driving against police signal 119 r/w 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.6.3 Violating manual traffic signal 239 MMVR 22(a) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.7 Offences related to traffic signal
    2.7.1 If you are found disobeying traffic sign board or signal 22(b) RRR 239 MMVR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.7.2 Failure to give signal 121 RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.7.3 Jumping signal 119/177 MVA Rs.100
    2.8 Offences related to speeding and overtaking
    2.8.1 If you are found exceeding the speed limits 112-183 MVA Up to Rs.1,000
    2.8.2 Abetment for over speeding 112/183(2) MVA Rs.300
    2.8.3 Perilous overtaking 6 (a) RRR r/w 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.8.4 Failure to confer way to sanctioning of overtaking 7 RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    2.8.5 Overtaking from wrong side RRR 6/1/177 MVA Rs.100
    2.9 Other offences
    2.9.1 Disobeying lawful directions 132/179 MVA Rs.500
    2.9.2 Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs 185 MVA Rs.2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months
    2.9.3 Usage of mobile phone while driving 184 MVA Up to Rs.1,000
    2.9.4 Leaving your vehicle in unoccupied engine 126-177 MVA Rs.100
    2.9.5 Leaving your vehicle in an unsafe position 122-177 MVA Rs.100
    2.9.6 In case you are involved in a minor accident 184 MVA Rs.1,000
    2.9.7 Playing music while driving 102/177 MVA Rs.100
    2.9.8 Driving your vehicle without a silencer 120/190(2)/177 CMVR Rs.100
    2.9.9 Driving in a condition when you are physically or mentally unfit 186 MVA Court Challan
    Towing of related offences
    Serial Number Offences Section Maximum penalty imposed
    3.1.1 Two-wheeler vehicles RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    3.1.2 Car, Taxi, Jeep, Auto Rickshaw RRR 177 MVA Rs.200
    3.1.3 Truck, Trailor, Tanker RRR 177 MVA Rs.600
    Pollution related offences
    Serial Number Offences Section Maximum penalty imposed
    4.1 If you are found smoking in public transport 86(1)(5)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    4.2 Pollution not under your control 99(1)(a)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    4.3 Fixing shrill or multi-toned horn 119 CMVR 190(2) MVA Rs.500
    4.4 Blowing pressure horn 96(1)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    4.5 Silencer or muffler making noise CMVR 120 190(2) MVA Rs.500
    4.6 Smoky exhaust 115 CMVR 190(2) MVA Rs.500
    4.7 If you are found using your horn in a silence zone 21(ii) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    Motor vehicle related offences
    Serial Number Offences Section Maximum penalty imposed
    5.1 Found using your vehicle in unsafe conditions 192 MVA Court Challan
    5.2 If your motor vehicle is out of state for more than a year 47-177 MVA Rs.100
    5.3 Particulars that are supposed to be printed on transport vehicles 84(G)-177 MVA Rs.100
    5.4 A vehicle without a wiper CMVR 101 5,12 177 MVA Rs.100
    5.4 A vehicle without a side mirror 5, 7/177 MVA Rs.100
    5.5 Defective tyres CMVR 94 Rs.100
    5.6 If there is no indication on the left hand drive vehicle 120, 177 MVA Rs.100
    5.7 Sale or alteration of the motor vehicle in contravention of Act 52/191 MVA, 32/192.66/192 MV Act Rs.300
    5.8 Vehicles with sun films or dark glasses 100 CMVR 177 MVA Rs.100
    5.9 If you are found driving your vehicle without a proper number plate 236 MMVR 177 MVA Rs.100
    5.10 Failure to display public carrier board 116 MMVR 177 MVA Rs.100
    5.11 Using your private vehicle for commercial purposes - A fine of Rs.5,000 and not less than Rs.2,000
    5.12 Displaying misconduct with your passenger, not wearing a uniform, or carrying a badge MMVR 21(18) 177 MVA Rs.100
    5.13 Overloading of a goods vehicles MMVR 93(u)(i) 177 MVA Rs.2,000 plus and Rs.1,000 for every additional ton
    5.14 Carrying your goods in a hazardous or a dangerous manner 29 RRR 177 MVA Imprisonment and/or a fine of Rs.3,000
    5.15 Infringement of permit conditions - Imprisonment and/or and fine of Rs.5,000 and not less than Rs.2,000
    5.16 Using coloured lights on your vehicle 97(2)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    Commercial vehicle related offences
    Serial Number Offences Section Maximum penalty imposed
    6.1 Plying your vehicle during ‘No Entry’ time 115/194 MVA Up to Rs.2,000
    6. Violating the time table 11/177, 2/177, 66/192 MVA Court Challan
    6.2 Long and High/ Load in vehicles 29 RRR/177 MVA Rs.100
    6.3 Carrying animals in good vehicles in contravention of rules MMVR 83 177 MVA Rs.100
    6.4 Carrying passengers in goods vehicles or carrying people dangerously MMVR 108 177 MVA Rs.100
    6.6 Projection of goods dangerously 229 MMVR 29 RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    6.7 Carrying of goods in an unsecured manner MMVR 202 177 MVA Rs.100
    6. Carrying goods which are more than 11 feet high MMVR 93(u) (i) 177 MVA Rs.100
    6. Weight limit and limitation on use 113/194(1) MVA Court Challan
    6. Driver’s refusal to weigh the vehicle 114/194(2) MVA Court Challan
    6.9 Load on the tail board MMVR 202 177 MVA Rs.100
    6.10 Misbehaviour by TSR/Taxi driver 11(3)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.11 Overcharging by TSR/Taxi driver 11(8)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.12 Charging without using the meter 11(8)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.13 Refusal to provide service by TSR/ Taxi driver 11(9)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.14 Driver without uniform 7/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.14 Driver without his/her badge 22(1)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.15 Conductor without his/her uniform 23(1)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.16 Conductor without his/her badge 22(1)/177 DMVR Rs.100
    6.17 Stopping without bus stop 66/192 MVA Court Challan
    6.18 Power to detain Vehicle used in contravention of section 3.4,39 or 66(1) MV Act. 207(1) MVA Court Challan
    Parking related offences
    Serial Number Offences Section Maximum penalty imposed
    7.1 If your vehicle is found parked in the direction of the flow of the traffic 22(a) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.2 Your vehicle is parked away from the footpath towards the road 15(2) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.3 Your vehicle is parked against the flow of the traffic 15(2) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.4 Your parked vehicle is causing an obstruction 15(2) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.5 If you have parked your vehicle in a taxi stand 15(2) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.6 If you have not parked your vehicle in the prescribed manner 15(1) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.7 Your vehicle is found parked in a corner 15(i) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.8 Your vehicle is parked 15 m on either side of a bus stop 15(2) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.9 If your vehicle is parked on a bridge 15(2) (i) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.10 Your vehicle is parked at a traffic island 15(i) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.11 Your vehicle is parked in a ‘No Parking’ zone 15(2) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.12 Your vehicle is parked on a pedestrian crossing 15(2)(iii) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.13 Your vehicle is parked on a footpath 15(2)(ii) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.14 Your vehicle is parked in front of a gate 15(2)(viii) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100
    7.15 If your parking is causing an obstruction 15(1) RRR 177 MVA Rs.100

    MVA: Motor Vehicles Act 1988

    RRR: Rules of Road Regulations 1989

    CMVR: Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989

    MMVR: Maharashtra Motor Vehicles Rules 1989

    Thus, these are some of the offences for which you will be penalised. Hence, it is important that you are aware of the Indian Road Rules and follow the traffic rules at all times. It is also important that you carry valid documents related to your vehicle including your driving licence and motor insurance, and produce them to the concerned authorities whenever asked.

    *The customer reviews/feedback/opinions expressed on this website are solely of their authors and do not reflect, in any way, the view of BankBazaar Insurance.

    Display of any trademarks, tradenames, logos and other subject matters of intellectual property belong to their respective intellectual property owners. Display of such IP along with the related product information does not imply BankBazaar's partnership with the owner of the Intellectual Property or issuer/manufacturer of such products.