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Riding any vehicle without a proper registration under transport department is an offence. The vehicle has to be registered in the respective jurisdiction at the RTO as per Section 39 of Motor Vehicle Act 1988. Every two-wheeler or any type of vehicle should have 2 name plates with registration number written in the format prescribed by the RTO. One name plate should be installed in the front and the other at the back of the vehicle. If one of these number plates with registration details are missing then the vehicle will be fined for the same.
The registration number on a two-wheeler or any other vehicle always starts with the initials of the state, then the code of the RTO, then the next two letters that represent a series in alphabetical order and the last four digits represent the registration number of the vehicle. There are few custom made numbers which will cost higher, and few classic numbers or fancy numbers will be auctioned by the RTO according to the popularity and demand for that registration number. The same registration number can re-allocated to another vehicle with the change in the alphabetical series.
It is always important for any vehicle owner to carry the registration certificate and two wheeler insurance or motor insurance (as applicable) documents at all times for safety purpose. The RC is valid for 15 years once you register a newly bought vehicle and later it has to be renewed once in every 5 years. Once you register the vehicle, the RTO officer will give you a temporary RC, which is valid for a month. So make sure that you get the original RC within a month or immediately after a month of registration.
If you have not submitted enough valid documents or if there is any discrepancy in the documents, if the emission test is expired, suspicious documents, does not meet the standard norms, etc. then the authorities have the right to reject the registration application or the renewal of the same. Any two-wheeler or any other vehicle with proper registration can be driven across the country. But if you have shifted to another state, then you can ride the for a maximum of 12 months, post which it has to be re-registered at the local Regional Transport Office of that region. This holds true for all Union Territories as well.
Once you have purchased the vehicle from the dealer, here is what you have to do:
All these files have to be submitted to the Registering and License Authority (RLA) and you will receive a registration fee slip. This slip has to be provided on the day of receiving the registration certificate on any subsequent day. The vehicle number will be allotted by the RLA.
You may like to read: How To Transfer Vehicle Registration Number
Every vehicle has to be re-registered after 15 years of purchase of the vehicle. The original RC will be valid only for 15 years after which it has to be registered once in every 5 years. The vehicle will be inspected by the concerned authority and it should meet the emission level standards. Here are some documents which are needed for re-registration:
A duplicate RC is issued only when the owner has lost or misplaced the original document. Here are the documents required for the same:
The vehicle will be first inspected by an authority to check if it’s drivable on the road and has met the standards in terms of pollution and sound of the engine. If it satisfies all the norms then the procedure will be completed.
A letter has to be submitted to the concerned authority at the RTO where the vehicle was initially registered. The letter should mention the reason of transfer of the RC i.e. death, second-hand purchase, shifting to another state, Etc.
In this case, the vehicle should be re-registered by the legal heirs of the deceased owner. Here is what you need:
If the owner of the vehicle wants to re-register his/her vehicle in another state as he has shifted his residence, then NOC from the current RTO is required. Here is all you have to submit:
Hypothecations i.e. if the vehicle has been purchased on loan and that loan has been fully paid with no balance, then this should be endorsed in the Registration Certificate document with following papers:
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